Etymology is the science of word origins and philology is the science of word relationships. A short example of this is that English has many words that are derived from Latin words. Latin is the language that gave rise to most of the words we today have in English such as “father”, “son” and “world”. It was Latin that gave the words for “man”, “woman” and “world” to the entire world. The etymology of words in English does not give us these words.
So where did the etymology come from? Philology is part history, part science. What has been borrowed from other cultures will show up in English via its etymology. This process took about a hundred years and it was done mostly by middle class people in Europe before the Industrial Revolution. The middle class people of Europe were mainly merchants and they did it as a part of their trade.
When we look at the etymology of words today, we see that many of them come from the Latin root word. That root word is “gene”, which according to etymology is “the first element that creates a word from other elements”. So words such as “dog”, “deed” and “man” all derive from the word “gene”. These words then become part of our vocabulary.
Another group of words that are very similar to the ones in the etymology are words that begin with the letter “k”. An example of this is the word “capital”. In the etymology, capital is from the word “capital”, which is a Latin word. Therefore we have the word “capital”, capitalization, and philology all rolled into one!
The big question is how did this fit together? Well, some historians have said that the Industrial Revolution was the main driver behind the creation of the majority of our words today. Because of this, they argue that the Industrial Revolution made people more interested in using language. And capitalized words just became what they are today. Capitalized words are words that have been heavily capitalized. This includes words such as “company”, “profit”, and “share”.
So where does this leave you and your students? Well, because of the etymology of these words we now know that these are not fully formed words. That means that they aren’t fully formed, and therefore they haven’t completely finished becoming a word. We know that these words are not fully formed because in many cases we can’t pronounce their name properly. And that means that they don’t have a “breath”.
So what can you do about it? Well, one thing you can do is to learn the etymology of words that are new to you. Don’t just stumble across these words; study the language and try to figure out what they mean. Don’t just settle for a word that sounds like it’s from another language; check out if there are any similarities between the two languages and see if they have similarities in meaning. You can also look up synonyms for certain words, especially when those words are very popular. You can do all of this online, or through specialized books.
But in the end, the most important step is for you to pass your philology test. In other words, make sure that you get the most out of this class. After all, it’s not just the etymology that you’ll be learning, but also a lot of history and a lot of other interesting things. So make sure that you pass this test.
Now, where can you learn about the etymology of words? It’s actually pretty easy to find out. A quick Internet search should bring up a good number of websites with different methods of learning about the etymology of words. Be careful though. Some of them might teach you incorrectly. So it’s up to you to read the materials that they have to offer carefully and to find out which ones are good and which ones aren’t.
The best way to learn about etymology is through philology textbooks. While you might find some free ones on the Internet, you will definitely want to buy a good, comprehensive book about the subject. That way, you’ll have a great understanding of how words get their roots and to what extent.
Once you understand the mechanics of philology, it’s also easy to become an expert on it. Just be sure to check out all the books out there that cover the subject before you buy one and to do your homework about the author, the publisher and the status of the book. A little bit of research goes a long way in helping you understand what a book is all about and you’ll be able to use it for years to come.
The information is provided by Los Filo Logos Website. Thank you for reading!